Ghana has taken limited steps to combat illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
For more information, review OSAC’s report, Travelers may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the, Primary roads are generally paved and well. For additional information on scams, see the Department of State's publication on. Police routinely stop travelers at checkpoints, and may search vehicles and passengers. Maintain sufficient distance between your vehicle and the one ahead while stopped in traffic to enable evasive action and to avoid being in a situation where criminals box you in. Travelers should check with their sponsoring organization to ensure they have the correct documentation in place or risk penalties, including detention, fines, and deportation. Drivers must possess an international driver’s license (available from AAA and the American Automobile Touring Alliance).
The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions.
Bureau of Diplomatic Security Avoid communal and shared taxis due to greater risk of robbery. Over the past year, vigilante groups (politically affiliated gangs) have disrupted local elections, public meetings, and court proceedings, and staged protests at government facilities.
and armed robbers target motorists using ruses to extort money, In some cases, robbers have intentionally caused. Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. The Government of Ghana maintains strict regulations on the sale of these natural resources; all agents must be licensed and all transactions must be certified. Violent crime is on the rise, including armed robberies in expatriate residential areas. Scam artists use fake social media profiles, steal photos and identities from other social media accounts, and swindle victims out of thousands of dollars. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. There have been increased reports of vehicular fatalities over the past few years.
The U.S. Government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in these areas, as U.S. government employees may not travel at night outside of major cities.
Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. If a visitor is involved in a traffic accident while in Accra and cannot reach settlement at the scene, report the accident immediately to the traffic police, who will respond and conduct an investigation. Civil unrest due to chieftaincy disputes can occur at any time. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. doors/windows to give money to beggars or street vendors. Air ambulance service (recommended for severe injuries or illnesses best treated in the United States) is available from AEA International at 800-752-4195. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of narcotics procured locally.
Ghana has numerous chieftaincy disputes every year that generally involve competition over limited resources. Avoid walking alone, especially after dark and in poorly illuminated or isolated areas; doing so may increase risk of criminal targeting. Avoid sharing itineraries with strangers, including on social media, and be alert to anyone following you to your accommodations. Ghanaian law prohibits photography of sensitive installations, including military sites, government buildings, bridges, and the airport. Embassy staff can provide a list of local doctors, contact family members or friends and explain how funds may be transferred. The police have a poor record of investigating and solving serious crimes. Only arriving passengers may enter the baggage claim area, and drivers or others greeting arriving passengers must wait in a cordoned area just outside the terminal main doors. Mosquito-borne illnesses (e.g., malaria, yellow fever, and dengue) are a significant problem; prevention of bites and proper yellow fever immunization are important throughout Ghana. Armed robbers have targeted travelers leaving the airport, including following them to accommodations to rob them there. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world.
Public transport is unregulated and unsafe. There is serious risk from crime in Accra. In addition to its law enforcement responsibilities, the Unit can refer victims to medical providers and counselors, as well as to community support services.
Review OSAC’s Ghana-specific page for original analytic reports, consular alerts, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password.
The capital Accra, like any major city, will have some level of crime. The U.S. Embassy is aware of arrests and related extortion attempts for such activities, but has not received reports of prosecutions.
Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. Local police may lack the resources to respond to serious crime throughout the country, including areas of Accra.
Travel to tourist and historic areas of the country. Many vehicles are unlicensed, and most drivers lack basic driver training or insurance.
Emergency services are limited or nonexistent in many parts of the country in case of vehicular accident or breakdown. Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. The newly constructed Terminal 3 at Kotoka International Airport (ACC) has greatly improved arrivals and departures from Accra. Reliable sources estimate that there are 1.2 million unregistered guns in Ghana. Research any prospective security or private guard company for quality and reliability when considering using their services. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded. Most cases occur at night. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. The U.S. Embassy is located in the Cantonments neighborhood at #24 Fourth Circular Road, Cantonments, Accra. Counterfeit and pirated goods are widely available in Ghana. Transactions involving such products may be illegal under local law.
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Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. Consult travel advisories from the. Taxi drivers have a reputation for taking newly arrived passengers on circuitous routes and charging excessive fares. The law provides persons with disabilities access to public buildings “as far as is practical.” However, most buildings, transportation, and educational facilities do not provide for people with special needs. There are occasional reports of clashes between government forces and criminal groups; however, these seldom affect foreigners. Credit/debit card fraud and related scams are common. The U.S. Embassy is aware of arrests for cigarette smoking in public places, but has not received reports of prosecutions. Victims of robbery should comply with perpetrator demands, as resistance may cause the situation to escalate to violence. Trafficking has also fueled increasing domestic drug consumption. Try to travel during the day and if you need to travel at night, take a taxi but be sure to negotiate the rate before you hop in. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support.
Increase caution when traveling to the Brong Ahafo, Northern, Upper East Regions. Ghana crime rate & statistics for 2015 was 1.90, a 5% decline from 2014. WARA is associated with International SOS Clinics. Remain wary of unsolicited help unless offered from uniformed airport staff with visible ID cards bearing their name and photo. Use defensive driving techniques, including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents.
We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. Drivers should be prepared to avoid pedestrian crossings and expect sellers and panhandlers to mingle with traffic. In this research brief, Dr Tankebe and Dr Boakye analyse trends in violent crimes in Ghana between 2012 and 2018. The Country Council in Accra is active, meeting every other month. Exercise caution when using credit cards; a growing number of travelers have been victims of credit card fraud.
The West Africa Rescue Association (WARA) operates a local ambulance service as well as an air ambulance service.
Business scams typically begin with an unsolicited communication (usually by e-mail) from an unknown individual who pitches a business opportunity promising quick financial gain. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s reports on Driving Overseas: Best Practices and Road Safety in Africa.
If you receive business offers or charity requests, particularly unsolicited ones, carefully check out the requesting entity before committing any funds, providing any goods or services, or undertaking any travel.
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